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Block Paving: How we lay your block driveway

The key to a long lasting block paving driveway is in the preperation of the sub base. Any professional block paver will tell you this. At Constructive we use a proven and monitored standard that ensures the paved areas will sustain a long lifespan through continual traficking. So in the long term a much better investment.

Below you will find the process that we use to ensure that your driveway is fitted to a high standard, offering you complete value and longevety.

Basic Steps

The beginning

Remove surface material from designated area including all shrubs, trees and plantation.
Excavate designated area to required depth as base plan.

Excavate area to require depth

Cover Excavated area with Geotextile 5000 membrane
Lay sub-base material to Highways Agency’s “Specification for Highways” inbound sub-base material Type I.(Inferior quality material my be liable for failure under loading and be susceptible to frost or moisture movement). Sub-base compacted to medium compaction (either plate or roller method). Compaction to occur at every 100mm base thickness.

Lay geo-textile


Foundations must be firm and of a hardcore base (ideally washed crushed stone or medium grade concreting sand) of at least 100mm thick or 150mm for an unstable soil such as thick clay.
The laying course material may be spread in one layer and screeded to the appropriate level, making due allowance for the reduction in thickness achieved during compaction.

compaction


Any hard surfaced areas such as drives or patios will be impervious and should incorporate a 1 in 40 fall or slope away from buildings to allow drainage of rainwater. To set this 'fall' use a spirit level on pegs 2 metres apart, placing a 50mm block of wood on the second peg beneath the straight edge.

Adjusting and finalising levels


Tap this peg down until you get a level reading. To avoid breaching or damaging the damp proof course of a house, a paved area must finish at least 150mm (6in) below this line. Also, where necessary drainage channels should be installed.

Slotted drainage system

Final Zone 2 compaction an screeding

Final compaction and screeding

Bedding In


Firm edgings are essential to keep the blocks from sideways movement. Edgings set in concrete or a concrete haunching are ideal.

Install edge restraints haunched in concrete

All pavers are laid by hand with joint widths of approximately 2-5mm in a specified pattern. Full pavers should be laid first from an existing laying face or edge restraint and carried on to complete the days work area. Leave spaces around obstructions i.e. manhole covers and put cut blocks in later. Blocks should be cut using a mechanical or hydraulic block-splitter.

Laying block paving

Laying block and awaiting cutting in

Block installation


Compressing


When the surface is complete, the area should be compressed twice or three times by an appropiate compaction plate, ensuring that vibration does not occur within 1metre of any unrestrained edge. In the case of patios or paths bedding can be completed by a club hammer or mallet using an off-cut of wood. This action will cause the sand from below to penetrate the block joints.


Finishing


Clean dry sand or crushed rock fines should be brushed over the surface and into the joints. The area should then be recompressed.This filling and final compaction helps make the surface impermeable and causes better ‘interlocking’ of the blocks. The area is then ready for trafficking. It may be necessary to top up the joints after initial trafficking.

Block compact and sand

Finished and ready to use

Finished

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